Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Artificial Intelligence is easily one of the most prevalent themes in all of science fiction. The idea that a machine could exhibit the same level of intellect and sentience as a human, has long since been the basis for captivating audiences creators alike. From an ominous computer system in 2001:A Space Odyssey, to superhuman androids in Westworld. This fascinating sub-genre of science fiction has experienced a diverse range of depictions. The thing with fiction is that it has a habit of romanticizing certain aspects of artificial intelligence. Building a robot in pursuit of AI is similar to constructing the engine for a rocket before the discovery of metal has even been made. But I suppose anthropomorphism is an easier solution thanÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Luckily for us, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a lot more to the human condition than Chess and Go, but is it that dubious to think that more general talents and abilities could be rendered equally obsolete? Assuming itÃ¢â¬â¢s possible, what happens when machines become more competent at performing any and all physical and mental labor? If AI becomes more competent in every regard then what purpose or function would be left for us to serve? To name one of several different possible tasks, machines have also begun tackling the human language by writing poems. Ã¢â¬Å"When I in dreams behold thy fairest shade Whose shade in dreams doth wake the sleeping morn The daytime shadow of my love betrayÃ¢â¬â¢d Lends hideous night to dreamingÃ¢â¬â¢s faded form.Ã¢â¬ So poems may not be the best example, but here s a better one. Machine-written content has become so commonplace and so good that youÃ¢â¬â¢ve likely read some automated articles without even realizing it. Take a second to figure out which of the two articles was written by an A.I. The answer will be on the last page. Ã¢â¬Å"A shallow magnitude 4.7 earthquake was reported Monday morning five miles from Westwood, California, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The temblor occurred at 6:25 a.m. Pacific time at a depth of 5.0 milesÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Tuesday was a great day for W. Roberts, as the junior pitcher threw a perfect game to carry Virginia to a 2-0 victory over George Washington at Davenport Field.Ã¢â¬ So how does this work? Well, as you can imagine, itÃ¢â¬â¢s complicated.Show MoreRelatedThe Science Fiction Film Genre Essay1683 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesScience Fiction Films The science fiction film genre has been around almost as long as movies have, but like the cinema it is still a fairly young art form. This genre came into existence shortly after the invention of the movie camera in 1888 and has endured for over one-hundred years. Science fiction is adaptive; it changes with the times and this trend can be seen in its incorporation of other genres, cultural history and technology. This essay will attempt to define the genre, chronicle the historyRead MoreSocial and Ethical Impact of Artificial Intelligence Essay examples1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesContents Introduction III History III What is Artificial Intelligence? III Social and Ethical Issues Associated with Artificial Intelligence IV Part I Social Impact of Artificial Intelligence IV Part II Advantages IV Part III Disadvantages IV Ethical Impact of Artificial Intelligence V Conclusion VI Bibliography VII Introduction As our world expands through the growing abilities and applications of computersRead MoreEssay about Social And Ethical Impact Of Artificial Intelligence1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthousands of years, from stories of Pygmalion to the tales of the Jewish Golem. Anat Treister-Goren, Ph.D. (http://www.a-i.com/) The concepts of the development of artificial intelligence can be traced as far back as ancient Greece. Even something as small as the abacus has in someway led to the idea of artificial intelligence. However, one of the biggest breakthroughs in the area of AI is when computers were invented. Many encyclopaedias and other reference works state that the first large-scaleRead MoreHow The Society Values Computer Technology1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNS160014. Computer and the Society How the Society values Computer Technology Question: Google SDK/Artificial-Intelligence: Is it Good or bad? Table of Content 1.0 IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦1 1.1 My theoryÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦2 1.2 Respondents opinionsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦5 2.0 Summary and ConclusionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..10 Figures Fig 1.2.0 Do you interact with artificial intelligent systems? ........................................5 Fig 1.2.1 is it possible for human thinkingRead MoreArtificial Intelligence And The Singularity Conference1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnot long ago spoke at the Artificial Intelligence and The Singularity Conference in Oakland, California. There was a huge turnout of speakers, including AI specialists Peter Voss and Monica Anderson, New York University educator Gary Marcus, science fiction author Nicole Sallak Anderson, and futurist Scott Jackisch. We were all fascinated in how the introduction of artificial intelligence will impact the world. My subject was The Morality of an Artificial Intelligence Will be Different from ourRead MoreHow Artificial Intelligence Will Impact The World900 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Zoltan recently spoke at the Artificial Intelligence and The Singularity Conference in Oakland, California. It had AI specialists Peter Voss and Monica Anderson, New York University educator Gary Marcus, science fiction author Nicole Sallak Anderson, and futurist Scott Jackisch. We were fascinated in how artificial intelligence will impact the world. My subject was The Morality of an Artificial Intelligence Will be Different from our Human Morality. Elon Musk an entrepreneur made the headlinesRead MoreEssay on Robotics1246 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Robotics nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The image usually thought of by the word robot is that of a mechanical being, somewhat human in shape. Common in science fiction, robots are generally depicted as working in the service of people, but often escaping the control of the people and doing them harm. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The word robot comes from the Czech writer Karel Capeks 1921 play Ã¢â¬Å" R.U.R.Ã¢â¬ (which stands for quot;Rossums Universal Robotsquot;), in which mechanical beings madeRead MoreThe Ethics Of Artificial Intelligence1409 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOn the topic of artificial intelligence (AI), one may suppose that an ethical foundation has already been lain in place. One may presume so based on how integral it has grown to our lives, developing a co-existence with our communications devices, such as in the case of Siri or Google Now in the iOS and Android ecosystems, respectively. Such is not the case, however, as the topic of ethics when developing and maintaining artificial intelligence systems is a hotly debated one. As it turns out, peopleRead MoreArtificial Intelligence and Cognitive Reasoning1597 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesrepresentation of a humanoid character that is in fact a machine functioning and learning new skills with artificial intelligence. The problem with these shows is that the representation of modern day artificial intelligence is largely skewed, these machines have personalities and emotions making them relatable to humans when they are still just a very elaborate computer program. Artificial intelligence is the cognitive ability to solve problems, recognize patterns, and have the capability to learn, withRead MoreThe Idea Of Artificial Intelligence1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe idea of Artificial Intelligence is a widely discussed topic, mostly filled with propaganda, in an Information Technology ruled society like ours today. As said by Christof Koch, president and chief scientific officer of the Allen institute for Brain Science in Seattle: Ã¢â¬Å"Within a decade these instances of Ã¢â¬ËweakÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËnarrowÃ¢â¬â¢ AIÃ¢â¬âable to replicate specific human tasksÃ¢â¬âwill permeate society. Siri is only the beginning. Driverless cars and trucks will become the norm, and our interactions in supermarkets
Friday, May 15, 2020
French verb conjugator atteindre Present Future Imperfect Present participle j atteins atteindrai atteignais atteignant tu atteins atteindras atteignais il atteint atteindra atteignait nous atteignons atteindrons atteignions vous atteignez atteindrez atteigniez ils atteignent atteindront atteignaient Pass compos Auxiliary verb avoir Past participle atteint Subjunctive Conditional Pass simple Imperfect subjunctive j atteigne atteindrais atteignis atteignisse tu atteignes atteindrais atteignis atteignisses il atteigne atteindrait atteignit atteignt nous atteignions atteindrions atteignmes atteignissions vous atteigniez atteindriez atteigntes atteignissiez ils atteignent atteindraient atteignirent atteignissent Imperative (tu) atteins (nous) atteignons (vous) atteignez Verb conjugation patternÃ Ã Atteindre is an irregular verbAll French verbs that end in -aindre, -eindre, and -oindreare conjugated the same way.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Importance of Identity in Homers Odyssey Within the epic poem The Odyssey, Homer presents the story of Odysseuss quest to find his home and his identity. According to Homers account, with its origin in oral tradition, the two quests are interchangeable, as a mortal defines himself with his home, his geographic origin, his ancestors, his offspring, etc. But in addition to this Homer illustrates the other aspect of human identity, shaped by the individual and his actions so that he may be recognized in the outside world. Through this Homer presents Odysseus in two ways: the first his internally given identity as ruler and native of Ithaca, son of Laertes, father of Telemachos; the second the definition of the external worldÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Homer presents this clearly in the following instances: Helens description of Odysseus disguising himself to enter into the city of Troy and in doing so gaining information that would allow him to destroy his mortal enemies, a trademark ploy that he also uses when returning to his homeland of Ithaca to infiltrate the rank of suitors; additionally in the sequence with the Cyclops in which Odysseus eludes danger by taking on the guise of Noman or one without a name. For Odysseus, the ability to disguise his identity presents an opportunity through which he can conquer his enemies at Troy and thereby establish great fame and external identity through public recognition. Through the voice of Helen, Homer demonstrates how Odysseus became so unrecognizable that he was able to enter into Troy, defying both his mortal enemies and the immortal Poseidon who built Troys walls to be impenetrable: But what a deed this one mighty man did and dared... When he had submitted himself to disfiguring blows, He threw a poor covering over his shoulders and in the likeness Of a servant he entered the enemys broad-streeted city... In that guise he entered the city of the Trojans. They all Overlooked him. I alone recognized him as he was. And I questioned him. He eluded me cunningly, But when I wasShow MoreRelatedThe Epic Of Homer s Odyssey1433 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Odyssey makes use of its epic qualities to narrate the lives of three men. The tale begins with Telemachus, a young prince who leaves his homeland to learn about his father and about himself at the same time. Through the use of this initial event, Homer creates a chronological structure that is further observed through the introduction of the storyÃ¢â¬â¢s main character, Odysseus, the king of Ithaca and the father of Telemachus. Both father and son long to see each other after a decade of separationRead MoreGreek Mythologies: Gods and Mortals in Greek Literature1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof the Greek society; however, the role of the divinities in human affairs is particularly accentuated in most, if not all, Greek mythologies. Nevertheless, each author displays the role of divinities and supernatural differently, as Homer in The Odyssey and The Iliad displays direct interaction betw een the supernatural divinities and the mortals. On the other hand, SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Antigone lessens such interactions and emphasizes the human role, while ThucydidesÃ¢â¬â¢ History of the Peloponnesian War completelyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Odyssey 984 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPenelope, is one of the main character of HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s poem The Odyssey. The first four books of the Odyssey tells TelemachusÃ¢â¬â¢ story as he searches for Odysseus after his disappearance after the Trojan War. With the guidance of the goddess Athena, Telemachus travelled to Pylos to visit king Nestor and Sparta to visit King Menelaus and Queen Penelope. The primary source on Telemachus is HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s The Odyssey. The theme of The Odyssey is centralized on identity, and similar to Odysseus, TelemachusÃ¢â¬â¢ characterRead More Essay on Names in The Odyssey and The Bible1634 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Importance of Names in The Odyssey and The Bible Ã Ã Ã Two of the most widely studied ancient works are HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Odyssey and the book of Genesis from the Bible.Ã Each of these texts provides a unique viewpoint of an early civilization.Ã In both of the texts, one can learn not only stories about great heroes, but also about the way that these peoples lived and what they believed.Ã Many interesting parallels can be drawn between the two developing societies shown in the Odyssey and the book ofRead MoreSimilarities Between Achilles And Odysseus1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHeroics (A Comparison of Heroic Traits Displayed by Achilles and Odysseus in HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s, Iliad and Odyssey) Humanity has always strived for greatness, and is destined to continue this attempt till the world stops spinning. Through the art of storytelling, and literature, we have weaved images of what the ideal human should be. Countless works of literature depict such humans as Ã¢â¬Å"heroesÃ¢â¬ , due to the inspiration they stir within our imperfect souls. Truly epic heroes shape future stories, and remainRead More Important Role of Women in Homers Odyssey Essay examples1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ For the Greeks, Homers Odyssey was much more than just an entertaining tale of gods, monsters, and men, it served as cultural paradigm from which every important role and relationship could be defined.Ã This book, much more so than its counter part The Iliad, gives an eclectic view of the Acheans peacetime civilization.Ã Through Odyssey, we gain an understanding of what is proper or improper in relationships between father and son, god and mortal, servant and master, guest and host, and--importantly--manRead MoreAn Analysis of Loyalty in HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Odyssey1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAn Analysis of Loyalty in HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Odyssey In short, The Odyssey is a story of the war hero OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢ pain and suffering caused by the extensive separation from his family and home during the chronicle of events after the fall of Troy. In the unraveling of these adventures, the reader is immersed in a world of heroic feats, strange creatures and lustful gods. However, behind all the myths and legends, there are a wide variety of underlying themes and concepts, which not only develop the plot andRead More Use of Disguise in HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Odyssey Essay2154 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesUse of Disguise in HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Odyssey Ã Ã Ã The difference between a wise and a foolish decision is often found in discerning when to conceal and when to reveal. This discretion in concealing and revealing is a major theme within The Odyssey. There is a proper time to deceive and a proper time to tell the truth; thus, it is crucial that one act accordingly. This importance is exemplified in Odysseus life. When he is discreet in his timing, he achieves his goal. One example of this is the TrojanRead MoreMetamorphosis In Homers The Metamorphosis979 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmany different purposes. (Discussion) This idea of metamorphosis is an important aspect of identity in mythological texts. (Thesis) In the Odyssey, Homer uses metamorphosis on the character Athena to help her fulfill her role as a mentor. OvidÃ¢â¬â¢s The Metamorphoses also uses metamorphosis of the characters Io and Callisto to insure their identity as JupiterÃ¢â¬â¢s mistresses. (Essay Map) First, in HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s The Odyssey, metamorphosis is used through the different disguises Athena holds. In the beginning ofRead MoreCharacter Foils For Odysseus By Homer1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCharacter Foils for Odysseus Throughout the epic Homeric poem, The Odyssey of Homer, Odysseus is a hero known for his cunningness, vigilance, and overall attainment of homecoming. OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢ journey home is one of many mental and physical tests that which involve numerous encounters with others whose characters are in opposition with his. It is important to understand that through his encounters with certain opposing characters, OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢ qualities of possessing heroism and cleverness are vividly
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
1. KMnO4 was weigh accurately to nearest mg. The reading was recorded. The solid transfer to a 100ml volumetric flask using funnel. 2. The solid was dissolved with distilled water. The flask was shaken after using stopper. Distilled water was added to the mark ,the dropper was used when reaching the last drop. The flask was stopped using stopper and shake several time to give the solution homogenize. 3. The stock was pour into a beaker. The beaker was labelled as 100 ppm. 4. 5. 00 ml of the stock was pipet and diluted with distilled water in a 100ml volumetric flask. We will write a custom essay sample on Spectroscopy and Distilled Water or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 5. The solution was transfer to a beaker and labelled as 5 ppm. 6. Steps 4 was repeated using 10ml, 15ml, and 20ml. 7. The beaker was labelled as 10ppm, 15ppm, and 20ppm respectively. B. Preparation of the unknown 1. The unknown solution was pipet between 5. 00ml to 20. 00ml of the stock KMnO4 solution and was diluted with distilled water in a 100ml volumetric flask. 2. The solution was transfer to a beaker and labelled as unknown solution. C. Determination of absorption maximum 1. Distilled water was used as blank for determination of absorption maximum. 2. The blank solution was put at the end of the tips contain quartz to calculate the absorption maximum. 3. The result of absorption maximum from the graph was printed. 4. Absorption maximum will be used to determine the unknown concentration. D. Operation of the UV-VIS spectrophotometer 1. Cary win UV was selected and setup like the machine needed before run the experiment. 2. The machine need to adjust the y-mode is min=0 and max=1 ,then the x-mode is 800-400nm. 3. The machine was set to fast scan control and the baseline correction function was selected. 4. Finally all the setup was auto store by clicked at the storage on. 5. The Ã¢â¬ËBLANKÃ¢â¬â¢ in the test tube was touched the device contain quartz until more than the marked line and the baseline was clicked. 6. After that, the Ã¢â¬ËBLANKÃ¢â¬â¢ was removed and another test tube contain 5ppm was touch the device until more than the marked line. 7. The start icon was clicked for the measurement. E. Determination of the unknown concentration 1. The concentration icon was clicked. 2. The software was setup the maximum wavelength from the steps from D. 3. 3 replicated were selected 4. The calibration standard unit was set to (mg/L) and the number of the standard sample also was setup. 5. The fit type was selected to liner direct. 6. At the sample icon, the number of the samples was selected and the unknown was key in. 7. The storage on was set at the auto store icon. 8. The Ã¢â¬ËBLANKÃ¢â¬â¢ solution was touch the device until the marked line and Ã¢â¬ËZEROÃ¢â¬â¢ was clicked. 9. The Ã¢â¬ËBLANKÃ¢â¬â¢ was removed and change to other sample until the marked line. 10. The Ã¢â¬ËstartÃ¢â¬â¢ icon was clicked to start the measurement. QUESTION 1. Why is glass not a suitable cell material for use in UV spectroscopy? Glass is not suitable cell material for use in UV spectroscopy because the glass only suitable for measure visible and glass will absorbed UV light ,for the conclusion the data will be affected. 2. State one advantage of using the UV-Vis spectrophotometer compared to a spectronic 20 for this analysis. UV-Vis spectrophotometer can measure UV and Visible but spectronic only can use to visible. CALCULATION DISCUSSION From the graph absorbance versus wavelength, the sample concentration use is 5ppm so the graph obtained is small. The maximum wavelength get from the graph is 527. 0 because of the higher absorbance. There is some mistake occur during the preparation of the 5ppm and 10ppm that make the data get not accurate. The data from the graph show that 5ppm and 10ppm not on the linear line because problem in dilution of the sample. The dilution problem occur because during the measurement of the volume needed to dilute using the burette ,the eye not perpendicular on the burette that make the volume is more than 5ml and 10ml that make the graph show high absorbance at the 5ppm and 10ppm. The correlation coefficient can be defined by measure the strength of the straight line or the relationship between the two or more variable in the data. The correlation coefficient denoted by r and the value between +1 and -1. From the data obtained, the correlation coefficient is 0. 99142. This value show that the graph not too straight line because the sample at 5ppm and 10ppm, the absorbance is high that make the graph of straight line not too strong. CONCLUSION As the conclusion, the maximum wavelength for the potassium permanganate is 527. 0nm. The concentration of the unknown solution of potassium permanganate is 15. 2ppm. The correlation coefficient is 0. 99142 . REFFERENCES 1. http://www. dmstat1. com/res/TheCorrelationCoefficientDefined. html 2. The basic instrumental analysis lab manual. CHM 260 LABORATORY REPORT EXPERIMENT NUMBER: 2 TITLE: UV-VISIBLE DETERMINATION OF AN UNKNOWN CONCENTRATION OF KMnO4 SOLUTION NAME: AHMAD IZZAT EMIR BIN ATAN STUDENT NO: 2010459882 LAB GROUP: A1 DATE OF REPORT SUBMISSION: 14/12/2011 LECTURERÃ¢â¬â¢S NAME: PN FARIDAH HANUM
Monday, April 13, 2020
Does alternative medicine present a challenge to biomedicine Essay Alternative medicine such as herbal remedies, Reiki, hypnosis, aromatherapy, and acupuncture are all ancient methods of medicine that have been used to heal patients for centuries. These holistic approaches to medicine are becoming increasingly popular as ways to improve the health and well being of individuals in contemporary societies, now commonly described as complementary medicine. This essay will discuss why people seek alternative or complementary medicine in favour of the conventional biomedical methods. I will then consider whether these holistic treatments challenge scientific medicine, or whether the two approaches can work along side each other. To begin with, I will describe what complementary and alternative medicine is. Complementary medicine is a group of therapeutic and diagnostic disciplines that focus on the individual as whole which contrasts with the biomedical model that views the body and mind as separate from each other. It exists outside the realms of biomedicine and the institutions that teach and provide healthcare based on the scientific approach. Complementary and alternative medicine has been set into groups but it is hard to define where each should go. A report by the House of Lords Select Committee for Science and Technology (2000), divides each therapy into groups ranging from those with a recognised research base, those starting to accumulate a research base, to those with no evidence-based research. There has been an increase in the use of complementary medicine in the fields of those grouped into the researched-based category such as acupuncture, homeopathy, chiropractic, and osteopathy, due to a consistent and coherent epistemology. However, with the best of modern medicine available, why has this increase occurred? We will write a custom essay sample on Does alternative medicine present a challenge to biomedicine specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Does alternative medicine present a challenge to biomedicine specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Does alternative medicine present a challenge to biomedicine specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer One explanation for the increase in popularity is dissatisfaction with conventional medicine. Sharma notes that users of alternative medicine report how scientific drugs do not always work and can cause iatrogenic damage. The biomedical approach focuses on treating and curing the symptoms rather than preventing the cause. This is in contrast to complementary medicine that considers other factors to identify the cause such as lifestyle, environment, diet, and mental health alongside physical symptoms. Emphasis placed on sophisticated technology, pharmaceutical drugs, and surgery often has harmful side effects. Studies have shown that significant numbers of adults in Britain and other countries have used complimentary or alternative therapies. In 1989, the BMJ reported that about one in eight Britons use complimentary therapies. A more recent research study conducted by the BBC has shown that complimentary and alternative medicines are becoming increasingly popular. The number of people using complimentary medicine has doubled over the past six years. The majority of the people surveyed said the main reason they used complementary and alternative medicine was because it worked for them, but other reasons given includes that it was relaxing and that it helped to prevent illness. Practitioners of complementary medicine give longer consultations averaging 1 hour as opposed to 5-7 minutes with a GP. This made patients feel more valued with better communication between themselves and the complementary practitioner. Vickers (2000) notes that recent advances into complementary medicines research show the quality is improving along with sound evidence to support its usage. In addition, medical practitioners in the conventional settings are also recommending patients try some forms of complementary therapies due to the rise of the evidence base. HRH the Prince of Wales and indeed the whole royal family are great believers of holistic medicine. Prince Charles believes many people could benefit from complimentary medicine. The Prince has suggested a national strategy for alternative medicine. By increasing the funding for the Foundation for Integrated Medicine, this could co-ordinate this strategy such as, allocate funding, provide a networking resource, train researchers, disseminate information and monitor research development. He also that more funding should go towards bursaries, fellowships, and research centres within the NHS. Although conventional medicine and complimentary medicine have existed separately, the two are becoming integrated and provided in the same structural site. As Vickers also points out, in 2000 around 40% of GPs in the UK offered access to alternative medicine, osteopathy and chiropractic therapies being the most common. Relaxation classes such as yoga are offered to improve well being in those with mild anxiety or depression. Those who practice osteopathy and chiropractic treatments now registered in these fields with regulatory bodies, often work alongside biomedical practitioners within the NHS. The NHS are calling for more funding for research into complementary medicine in the UK and recently funded two trails of acupuncture for the treatment of chronic pain and help to individuals to stop smoking. The former is proving to be effective although the latter is not so effective. The greening of medicine suggests the two methods working together would force complementary medicine into the biomedical paradigm. It argues this because biomedicine originated from science and scientific studies that are proven and empirical, whereas complementary medicine is viewed as murky. The two methods are very different from another and a different way of thinking about health. The meeting of the two approaches in my opinion can work together effectively as attitudes towards complementary medicine has shifted in emphasis to more of a belief in the empirical evidence that supports its efficacy and effectiveness. Biomedicine was once suspicious of complementary medicine but the two now work closely in research and clinical trials. Complementary medicine and its therapeutic relationship has shown to be effective for a number of reasons, for example patient empowerment and more communication between doctor and patient with longer consultations. To conclude, this essay has highlighted some of the reasons why many people in society prefer to use complementary and alternative methods to improve their health and well being. The increasing trials and a strong evidence base give empowerment to individuals in making decisions about desired health care. In addition, as there is more acceptance within the medical profession with around 1 in 10 GPs now recommending its usage improved access to alternative and complementary therapies under the NHS should be addressed. Not only does it alleviate pressures of an already over stretched health care system in terms of resources and time, some therapies are proven to work and improve the physical health and mental well being of those who use it.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Adolf Hitler Essays - Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, Hitler Family Adolf Hitler ADOLF HITLER Rob Moffitt Mrs. Flinn CP Enlish 10 April 16, 2000 1. Hitlers Early Life 2. Hitlers World War I Service 3. Free Corps 4. Weimar Republic 5. German Workers Party 6. Munich Putsch 7. Mein Kampf 8. Hitlers Rise to Power 9. Hitler Launches the War 10. Hitlers Last Days The interesting life of Adolf Hitler is not fully known to people. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, the fourth child of Alois Schickelgruber and Klara Hitler in the Austrian town of Braunau. Two of his siblings died from diphtheria when they were children, and one died shortly after birth. Alois was a customs official, illegitimate by birth, which was described by his housemaid as a very strict but comfortable man. His mother showered Young Adolf with love and affection. When Adolf was three years old, the family moved to Passau, along the Inn River on the German side of the border. A brother, Edmond, was born two years later. The family moved once more in 1895 to the farm community of Hafeld, 30 miles southwest of Linz. Another sister, Paula, was born in 1896, the sixth of the union, supplemented by a half brother and half sister from one of his father's two previous marriages. Following another family move, Adolf lived for six months across from a large Benedictine monastery. The monastery's coat of arms' most salient feature was a swastika. As a youngster, Adolf's dream was to enter the priesthood. While there is anecdotal evidence that Adolf's father regularly beat him during his childhood, it was not unusual for discipline to be enforced in that way during that period. By 1900, Hitler's talents as an artist surfaced. He did well enough in school to be eligible for either the university preparatory gymnasium or the technical/scientific Realschule. Because the latter had a course in drawing, Adolf accepted his father's decision to enroll him in the Realschule. He did not do well there. Adolf's father died in 1903 after suffering a pleural hemorrhage. Adolf himself suffered from lung infections, and he quit school at the age of 16, partially the result of ill health and partially the result of poor school work. In 1906, Adolf was permitted to visit Vienna, but he was unable to gain admission to a prestigious art school. His mother developed terminal breast cancer and was treated by Dr. Edward Bloch, a Jewish doctor who served the poor. After an operation and excruciatingly painful and expensive treatments with a dangerous drug, she died on December 21, 1907. Hitler spent six years in Vienna, living on a small legacy from his father and an orphan's pension. Virtually penniless by 1909, he wandered Vienna as a transient, sleeping in bars, flophouses, and shelters for the homeless, including, ironically, those financed by Jewish philanthropists. It was during this period that he developed his prejudices about Jews, his interest in politics, and debating skills. According to John Toland's biography, Adolf Hitler, two of his closest friends at this time were Jewish, and he admired Jewish art dealers and Jewish operatic performers and producers. However, Vienna was a center of anti-Semitism, and the media's portrayal of Jews as scapegoats with stereotyped attributes did not escape Hitler's fascination. In May 1913, Hitler, seeking to avoid military service, left Vienna for Munich, the capital of Bavaria, following a windfall received from an aunt who was dying. In January, the police came to his door bearing a draft notice from the Austrian government. The document threatened a year in prison and a fine if he was found guilty of leaving his native land with the intent of evading conscription. Hitler was arrested on the spot and taken to the Austrian Consulate. Upon reporting to Salzburg for duty, he was found unfit...too weak...and unable to bear arms. When World War I was touched off by the assassination by a Serb of the heir to the Austrian Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Hitler's passions against foreigners, particularly Slavs, were inflamed. He was caught up in the patriotism of the time, and submitted a petition to enlist in the Bavarian army. After less than two months of training, Hitler's regiment saw its first combat near Ypres, against the British and Belgians. Hitler narrowly escaped death in battle several
Monday, February 24, 2020
RE-WRITE - Essay Example The usual assumption is that ambient noise is isotropic (equal on all directions). This is commonly considered in sonar equations. We therefore attempt to reduce the effective noise level by utilising of the directional capabilities of the hydrophone (NL-DI). However, in deep waters the sea surface is considerably the principal source of ambient noise. It these areas the ambient level is not truly isotropic. Conversely, in shallow waters ambient noise is essentially isotropic due to reflections from the sea floor (Davidson, 2006). The features of the parametric approach are best illustrated on an example taken from a hypothetical sonar application. The approach was to apply time-frequency circumstances for detection. The detection conditions are simply: The second level, in particular, enables signal detection of a very low false alarm rate on narrow-band sonar signals. It acts as a narrow band pass filter at the input of detection algorithm, which efficiently eliminates out-of-band noise. Figure 1 shows a 50 kHz sonar return from shallow water. Simulated water-depth is 3 m. the transmit pulse has a duration of 0.4 Ms. The noise is of uniform distribution restricted to the signal band. Signal to noise ratio (S/N) is 20 dB while the signalÃ¢â¬â¢s full waveform was digitised at the rate of 1 MHz. Only the envelope of the signal is shown in Figure 1. Without any further processing, the echo time series, which consists of 1000 sample, is now submitted to the detection algorithm. While the parametric model is calculated for every sample, the spectrum from 48 kHz to 52 kHz is computed for every 10th interval. The 4 kHz band is evaluated at 200 frequencies with a resolution of 20 Hz. A three dimensional view of the sonogram (Figure 2) may illustrate how well the spectral peaks in the sonar return are defined in a time-frequency representation. The algorithm is very fast and real time processing capable. It does not require that the